Program DesCartes aims to develop disruptive hybrid AI to serve the smart city and to enable optimized decision-making in complex situations, encountered for critical urban systems.

Hybrid AI leaps forward, beyond the current black-box procedures used in fully data-driven AI, by integrating meanings and semantics in the following way:

Hybrid AI will help us to support smart city critical infrastructures:

DesCartes is a program led by Professor Francisco “Paco” Chinesta from ENSAM. It is a cross disciplinary program, involving core science (mathematics, computer science, physics) as well as human sciences, with (Artificial) “Intelligence” at its core, with expertises in:

-AI: learning, optimisation..., 
-Engineering: analysis and assimilation of data at the heart of physical systems (hardware, sensors, models, management and decision support), model reduction,
virtual or augmented reality techniques, command and control, around energy, structures, NDT and SHM, and complex systems. 
-Data Sciences, 
-Signal Processing, 
-Formal Methods and Trusted AI (explainability and verification),
-Human Computer Interaction, 
-Language Processing,
-Human Sciences: Philosophy, Law, Communication, Human-Machine co-creation.... 


A fully integrated program: DesCartes ranges from fundamental sciences to industrial applications.

The main technological outcome of DesCartes will be its application “Builder”. It will integrate the methods and tools developed in DesCartes and be able to assimilate developments, following ethical and legal guidelines, for large-scale development of Hybrid AI for smart cities.

The Builder will be validated by 3 case-studies in collaboration with industrial partners involved in the project: ESI Group, CETIM Matcor (structure monitoring), Thales (control of drones), EDF SG (digital energy).

And finally, the DesCartes Builder will be valorized through use-cases identified with Singapore governmental agencies and industries, to support, strengthen, accelerate agencies vision and roadmap within the Future Smart City context.


The DesCartes consortium gathers 80 Investigators (half from France and half from Singapore), and is led by CNRS, together with:


Official announcement: CNRS Page